Journal of East China Normal University(Educationa ›› 2015, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 113-118.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki./000-5560.2015.04.017

• Educational History(教育史) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

National Backbone: the Enlightenment of 1933 Renaissance Textbooks

WU Xiao-ou,YAO Yan   

  1. College of Teacher Education, Ningbo University
  • Online:2015-12-20 Published:2016-01-26
  • Contact: WU Xiao-ou,YAO Yan
  • About author:WU Xiao-ou,YAO Yan

Abstract: In 1932, the Commercial Press was brutally bombed and burned in “1•28” Incident. In 1933, the Commercial Press compiled and published the Renaissance Textbooks. With the largest number of editors, the textbooks involved the most curriculum standards in the history of Chinese textbooks and were used until the early founding of New China. The Textbooks showed the Commercial Press’ considerations stimulated by the Japanese aggressors. It is believed that the Textbooks followed the Chinese traditional culture, enlightening “national confidence” and “national spirit”. In particular, the Textbooks emphasized children’s all-around development, as well as the enlightenment of citizens’ scientific literacy and active inquiryin strong support of national rejuvenation.