Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 16-24.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.01.002

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The Latent Profile Analysis of Middle School Teachers’ Emotional Labor Strategies and the Relationship with Vocational Well-being

Xueyan Zhao1, Xuqun You2, Wei Qin3   

  1. 1. School of Educational Science, Yili Normal University, YiNing 835000, China
    2. School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
    3. School of Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
  • Accepted:2023-01-01 Online:2023-01-01 Published:2022-12-29


Based on individual-center perspective, 716 middle school teachers were selected to explore the latent profile of their emotional labor strategies (surface acting, deep acting, and nature acting) with the latent profile analysis technique (LPA), and the relationships between these latent profiles and the indicators of teachers’ well-being were tested. The result showed, first, there were four potential profiles, namely, the high level of emotional labor group, the medium level of emotional labor group, the natural sincere group, and the low level of emotional labor group. Second, gender, ethnic, marital status, teaching age, school type, class types were related to profile groups of emotional labor strategies. Third, these four profile groups of teachers had significantly differences in the indicators of teachers’ well-being. Middle school teachers’ emotional labor performance and group division were further discussed from the individual-centered perspective.The study provided theoretical basis and practical reference for guiding middle school teachers to adopt appropriate emotional labor strategies and to improve their vocational well-being.

Key words: middle school teachers, emotional labor strategies, vocational well-being, latent profile analysis technique (LPA)