Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2022, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 75-88.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2022.03.007

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Universalization of Teacher Education: Reflection and Reconstruction

Xiaohong Zhu, Meng Wang   

  1. College of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China
  • Online:2022-03-01 Published:2022-03-01


Universitization of teacher education has become a world trend. The consensus of university education among countries in the world is to foster the unity of scientific research and talent cultivation. However, the conflicts between academic and artistic in the past and the current disputes over specialization, professionalization and deregulation have always existed in the reform of teacher education in universities in various countries and also perplexed the choice of teacher training mode, which is even stuck in the dilemma of educational ethics. Some universities tend to increase the novice teacher teaching experience with internship courses, but they cannot avoid the negative impact of their teaching behavior mistakes on primary and secondary school students. Adhering to the unity of history and logic research principle, this paper systematically summarizes the history of teacher education in university involvement, and investigates the evolution of the relationship between educational research and pre-service training, and focuses on the main contradictions in the process of universalization of teacher education, that is, the separation between educational theory courses and internship courses. As a normal university, with the main responsibility of cultivating teachers, it draws on the new perspective of “consciousness-experience” provided by the phenomenological philosopher Husserl to reconstruct the methodology of education reform from the perspective of universities, and focus on the inner relationship between educational theory and teaching experience, and explore the new path of the integration of theory, experiment and practice in teacher education curriculum reform.

Key words: universitization of teacher education, academic and artistic, specialization and deregulation, teaching experience, teacher education curriculum