The digital transformation of education is a profound educational reform, which has spawned a series of new phenomena and problems in education, nurtured new laws in education, and urgently needs the systematic theoretical research and overall practical guidance. Digital pedagogy, as an interdisciplinary practical science formed by the integration of education, computer science, information and communication science, aims to study the phenomena, problems, and laws of digital education, and answer questions about what and how to cultivate people in the digital age. This study takes the learning law as the starting point, the supporting discipline development of pedagogy and the development of paper, information, digital and other technologies as the main line, and reveals the historical inevitability of digital pedagogy. The return of education to the digital world, data as the new element of education, virtual space as the new space of education and the internal interactio among the three act as the underlying logic of digital pedagogy, and throughout the research. On this basis, it clarifies the nature and positioning of digital pedagogy, and puts forward the academic framework of business digitalization, organization digitalization and technology digitalization, the integration discourse system, and the big data research paradigm. On the basis of theoretical analysis, this paper puts forward the “four principles”, “three stages”, “four forces” and basic guarantee for the construction of Chinese-style digital pedagogy, with a view to providing practical guidance for exploring new laws of digital education, promoting digital pedagogy research and theoretical innovation of Chinese-style education modernization, leading the transformation and upgrading of education digitalization and high-quality development of digital education.