Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 45-56.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2020.02.005

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Critical Thinking: Part II of the 5Cs Framework for Twenty-first Century Key Competences

Ma Lihong1, Wei Rui2, Liu Jian2,3, Ma Mingyan4, Liu Yan5, Gan Qiuling2, Kang Cuiping2, Xu Guanxing3   

  1. 1. School of Foreign Languages, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin 300222, China;
    2. China Education Innovation Institute, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. China Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality, Beijing Normal University; Beijing 100875, China;
    4. School of Education,Harvard University, Massachusetts 02138, USA;
    5. College of International Education, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100041, China
  • Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-01-21

Abstract: Critical thinking has become an important part of core literacy model in many countries or regions, world organizations or economies, and also one of the significant education goals at different levels. In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the cultivation of critical thinking. However, critical thinking has not been clearly defined. In view of the fact that critical thinking skills can’t be completely separated from the dispositions and critical thinking dispositions need to be exposed through critical thinking skills, this study tried to integrate critical thinking skills with dispositions based on previous research, and suggests that critical thinking is the core literacy that individuals need in the future. An individual with critical thinking can not only unceasingly question, rationally analyze, constantly reflect, and draw reasonable conclusion or offer effective solutions when facing different situations, but also consider other people’s views carefully and respect their challenging. The conceptual framework in the present research includes questioning and criticizing, analysis and argumentation, synthesis and generation,reflection and evaluation. The interpretation of critical thinking in this study conforms to the pluralistic characteristics of critical thinking and provides some reference for the cultivation and evaluation of critical thinking in our country.

Key words: 5Cs Framework for Twenty-first Century Key Competences, critical thinking, questioning and criticizing, analysis and argumentation, synthesis and generation, reflection and evaluation