Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 103-116.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.010

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research on Financial Aid Policy of Secondary Vocational Education Students in China

Xiao-jian Qiu1, Jiang-nan Li1, Tian Qiu2   

  1. 1. Faculty of Education, Gannan Normal University, Jiangxi Ganzhou 341000, China
    2. Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Accepted:2022-12-01 Online:2023-08-01 Published:2023-07-25


As China’s secondary vocational student financial aid has gone through a monorail stage dominated by people’s grants, a stage of merging people’s grants with scholarships, a stage of merging scholarships with student loans, and a multi-rail stage of state grants with free tuition, the policy system has improved. In terms of funding targets, it has realized the transformation from universal funding to selective funding, “poor” and “agriculture related” students have gradually become the main funding targets. From simplification to diversification in the content of funding, the funding content is increasingly rich. From singleness to mixture in the way of funding, funding methods are increasingly precise. From unity to pluralism in the subject of funding, the main body status of the government has been continuously strengthened. In terms of funding values, it not only reflects the trade-off between equity and efficiency in national macro policies, but also reflects the value appeal of incentive guidance and pursuit of adequacy of the subsidy policy. In the new historical development stage, the student financial aid policy of secondary vocational education should keep pace with the times, construct the new “5W” policy financial aid model. In terms of funding targets, the identification of impoverished secondary vocational students with digital empowerment has improved the “accuracy” of funding targets. In terms of funding content, we should strengthen the supply of “poverty-relief” subsidies and further enrich the content of funding. In terms of funding mode, we should optimize the implicit funding mode and ensure the “temperature” of funding mode, continue to improve the financial aid policy system for secondary vocational education students with Chinese characteristics. In terms of funding entities, we will improve the mechanism of “government-led and diversified participation” in funding to ensure adequate funding supply. In terms of the value of financial aid, we should strengthen the orientation of educational aid and train secondary vocational students to become builders and successors of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era with the all-round development of morality, intelligence, physique, beauty and labor.

Key words: secondary vocational education, student aid policy, policy analysis