Table of Content

    01 August 2023, Volume 41 Issue 8 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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    The Connotation and Influencing Factors of Employment Ability of College Students in China:Based on the Comparison Between Applied Universities and Research Universities
    Qiuheng Shi, Kexin Ren
    2023, 41 (8):  1-12.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.001
    Abstract ( 820 )   HTML ( 108 )   PDF (1194KB) ( 679 )   Save

    The structural contradiction between employment difficulty and recruitment difficulty highlights the disharmony between the structure of higher education and the demand for talents of economic and social development. This paper explores the current situation and influencing factors of the employability of college students in research universities and applied universities by constructing a structural model of the employability of college students. It is found that the employability model of college students, which is composed of personality traits, general ability and professional knowledge and skills, is well supported by the data. The employability of Chinese college students is mainly based on comprehensive literacy and ability, and the applied talents have obvious advantages in vocational technical skills. The first classroom is the main front to improve the employability of college students, while the second classroom is of great value to college students with high employability. The quality of practical training in application-oriented colleges and universities needs to be improved. Therefore, colleges and universities should give full play to the different values of the first classroom and the second classroom to realize individualized teaching. Application-oriented colleges and universities should take engineering talents as the goal of talent training, improve students’ comprehensive quality in an all-round and multi-channel way, increase the construction of practice and training so as to realize the combination of characteristics and high quality.

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    Divergence or Convergence: The Process Characteristics of College Students’ Learning from the Perspective of Discipline Classification
    Min Kang
    2023, 41 (8):  13-21.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.002
    Abstract ( 138 )   HTML ( 58 )   PDF (809KB) ( 228 )   Save

    The process characteristics of college students’ learning from the perspective of discipline classification reflect the differences supported by the training process and needs of students, which is helpful to deepen the educational evaluation reform and promote the design of multiple evaluation system in the new era. Based on the National College Student Survey, the study shows that students’ academic and social experiences are positively related, with high academic experiences and high social experiences, low academic experiences and low social experiences being the two main types. The proportion of low academic experiences and low social experiences for science students is the largest, and the proportion of high academic experiences and low social experiences, low academic experiences and high social experiences for social science students is relatively large. The results show that the convergent education mode of science and engineering education has been broken, but the parochialization phenomenon of practice education still exists in science and engineering, while polarization appears in academic experiences and social experiences type of social science college students, and the science education and humanities education of basic discipline are split. It is recommended to form a characteristic education path based on discipline types.

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    The Impact of Higher Education Expansion on Undergraduate Enrollment Quality in China: Based on the Data of NCSS
    Yicheng Jiao
    2023, 41 (8):  22-33.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.003
    Abstract ( 286 )   HTML ( 63 )   PDF (1148KB) ( 243 )   Save

    The quality of undergraduate enrollment is the starting point of higher education quality. During the transition from mass to universal higher education, understanding the quality of undergraduate enrollment is of great significance for improving the teaching quality of colleges and universities and building first-class undergraduate education. Based on the data of NCSS, this study evaluates the characteristics of undergraduate enrollment quality, and further explores the impact of higher education expansion on undergraduate enrollment. The results show that, firstly, although the students’ achievements decline, their abilities increase; the profession and university’s suitability show an upward trend; fairness is generally stable but lacks diversity. Secondly, the applied universities have assumed greater responsibility in the expansion, facing multiple challenges, such as a large decline in the students’ scores, insufficient profession and university’s suitability, and insufficient diversity of students. And the research universities should pay more attention to the fairness. The research suggests that the research on quality of undergraduate enrollment should be shifted from the comparative purpose to the cognitive purpose, so as to help colleges and universities improve education and teaching based on the quality of student resources and realize the value-added development of college students. And it is suggested to provide certain policy and resource support for the development of applied universities, so as to cover a wider range of undergraduate students and build a more extensive sense of first-class undergraduate education.

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    Construction of Education for Community of Shared Future for Mankind: Theoretical and Practical Approaches
    Xudong Zhu, Tongtong Zhao
    2023, 41 (8):  34-43.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.004
    Abstract ( 275 )   HTML ( 15 )   PDF (693KB) ( 323 )   Save

    Confronting an era of profound changes unseen for a century, education for community of shared future for mankind has guided the direction for the development of education in China and the world, which is crucial for the realisation of solidarity and interdependence among different nations and individuals globally. Based on the Marxist philosophy of community and traditional Chinese “HE” culture and “All-under-Heaven (TIAN-XIA)” worldview, and through a comprehensive education of the political community, economic community, security community, cultural community and ecological community, education for community of shared future for mankind can achieve training individuals from shaping common values that transcend ethnic groups and countries, to mastering the knowledge of the world and human development cognition, and developing individuals collective rational action ability for world interests. Based on the international, open and practical characteristics of the education for community of shared future for mankind, the educational approaches consist of international dialogue, open integration and practical reflection.

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    The Theoretical Implications of Labor Education
    Xianming Xiang
    2023, 41 (8):  44-52.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.005
    Abstract ( 402 )   HTML ( 21 )   PDF (635KB) ( 274 )   Save

    Labor education is a very important and special aspect of the theory of “five educations” in Marxist pedagogy. It forms an organic whole closely linked with moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic aspects in human development. Whether as an educational activity, an educational content, a moral education, or as a special curriculum in schools, labor education should be comprehensive, free, independent and creative. Otherwise, it cannot promote people’s free and all-round development. In the process of alienated labor education, people lose their subjectivity and are simply trained as labor tools. Labor education itself often degenerates into a punitive activity. In terms of its essential characteristics, labor education can establish a meaningful connection between students’ book knowledge and their social practice, so as to fundamentally solve the problem of “Reading in a pedantic way”, and thus has important value in overcoming educational alienation. The free and all-round development of human beings, in the final analysis, depends on the development of labor itself. Therefore, free, independent and comprehensive labor education is the fundamental way to ultimately bring up people with all-round development.

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    Deep Learning in the Age of Digital Intelligence: From Shallow Memory Towards Deep Understanding
    Mingxuan Chen, Liang Zhou
    2023, 41 (8):  53-62.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.006
    Abstract ( 347 )   HTML ( 31 )   PDF (838KB) ( 635 )   Save

    In the complex, changing and challenging real world, shallow learning based on repetitive memory is no longer able to meet the challenges of the times, so deep learning has received great attention. But what is deep learning? How to achieve deep learning? There are different understandings and different approaches in the academic community. The essence of learning is comprehension, and comprehension is the form of representation of deep learning, and the depth of learning is the degree of comprehension. The strategies to promote deep understanding in the era of digital intelligence include “learning transformation to promote deep understanding”, “technology empowerment to promote deep understanding” and “teaching design to promote deep understanding”. The three aspects provides a new theoretical perspective for interpreting deep learning, and lays a theoretical foundation for an in-depth study of the occurrence mechanism of deep learning and the role of technology on learning in the era of digital intelligence.

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    A Visual Analysis of Neuromyths in Education and Educational Inspiration
    Jiaxian Zhou, Zhicong Zhang, Dan Chen, Jie Shen
    2023, 41 (8):  63-78.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.007
    Abstract ( 278 )   HTML ( 22 )   PDF (2300KB) ( 305 )   Save

    The wealth of educational neuroscientific results has contributed to deeper development and reform in education. In the process, however, misunderstandings and misinterpretations of neuroscience results have created an obstacle that has to be addressed - “neuromyth”. The current situation of the prevalence of neuromyth in the education system has seriously affected the teaching efficiency of teachers and the development of students. The current research in this area has not attracted sufficient attention from domestic scholars. Therefore, this study summarizes and compares the literature on neuromyths published from 2012-2022 and conducts a visual analysis to point out the current status and influencing factors of neuromyths and interventions. It concludes with some educational insights and recommendations.

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    Thinking Training Oriented: Analysis and Application of Intelligent Classroom Teaching Based on Accurate Labeling Technology
    Yu Song, Changliang Xu, Jia Zhu, Shaoming Chai
    2023, 41 (8):  79-89.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.008
    Abstract ( 287 )   HTML ( 25 )   PDF (1538KB) ( 335 )   Save

    Classroom teaching is the main position of talent training. Improving the quality of classroom teaching is important to promote the high-quality development of basic education and cultivate innovative talents. This study systematically puts forward a classroom teaching evaluation system for thinking training. Based on this, an automatic labeling method of classroom teaching based on audio and video transcripts has been created. With the help of the hybrid neural network model combining CNN and BiLSTM model, the rapid and accurate annotation of large-scale classroom data is realized, which can effectively refine the thinking characteristics in classroom teaching. At the same time, sequential pattern mining technique suitable for evaluation of classroom teaching has been developed, which can reveal the sequential pattern of high-quality classroom teaching and the advanced law of implicit thinking. This paper takes a school in Guangdong Province as an example to conduct a one-year experiment. By comparing the first and last monitoring results, it is found that with the blessing of intelligent analysis technology, the proportion of classroom dialogue involving high-level thinking has been significantly increased, the thinking chain is longer, and it can reflect the law of advancing from low-level thinking to high-level thinking, Among them, the more significant long chain dialogue is the advanced mode of basic knowledge acquisition→ personal opinion expression→analysis and interpretation→summary and induction → migration and innovation. The future intelligent classroom teaching analysis should focus on the following three aspects: developing technology based on classroom dialogue analysis and multi-modal data cooperation; the selection and application of intelligent technology should serve the education and teaching objectives, so as to effectively create a high-quality and efficient class.

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    Construction of Indicators of “How Teachers Support ” in Project-Based Learning(PBL)
    Xuemei Xia
    2023, 41 (8):  90-102.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.009
    Abstract ( 289 )   HTML ( 26 )   PDF (767KB) ( 420 )   Save

    In the new teaching reform, whether teachers should provide support, to what extent, at what time and what types of support are the key issues in the transformation of learning and teaching from the perspective of competencies. Taking project-based learning as a typical method, based on the latest development of constructivism, effective failure, intervention research of project-based learning implementation, learning scaffolding and other theories, this paper forms the theoretical framework based on three key questions about how much support, when to support, and how to support. Based on the framework and the coding of teachers’ interview, the final indicators of how teachers support students in PBL were constructed and confirmed.

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    Research on Financial Aid Policy of Secondary Vocational Education Students in China
    Xiao-jian Qiu, Jiang-nan Li, Tian Qiu
    2023, 41 (8):  103-116.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.010
    Abstract ( 286 )   HTML ( 20 )   PDF (786KB) ( 243 )   Save

    As China’s secondary vocational student financial aid has gone through a monorail stage dominated by people’s grants, a stage of merging people’s grants with scholarships, a stage of merging scholarships with student loans, and a multi-rail stage of state grants with free tuition, the policy system has improved. In terms of funding targets, it has realized the transformation from universal funding to selective funding, “poor” and “agriculture related” students have gradually become the main funding targets. From simplification to diversification in the content of funding, the funding content is increasingly rich. From singleness to mixture in the way of funding, funding methods are increasingly precise. From unity to pluralism in the subject of funding, the main body status of the government has been continuously strengthened. In terms of funding values, it not only reflects the trade-off between equity and efficiency in national macro policies, but also reflects the value appeal of incentive guidance and pursuit of adequacy of the subsidy policy. In the new historical development stage, the student financial aid policy of secondary vocational education should keep pace with the times, construct the new “5W” policy financial aid model. In terms of funding targets, the identification of impoverished secondary vocational students with digital empowerment has improved the “accuracy” of funding targets. In terms of funding content, we should strengthen the supply of “poverty-relief” subsidies and further enrich the content of funding. In terms of funding mode, we should optimize the implicit funding mode and ensure the “temperature” of funding mode, continue to improve the financial aid policy system for secondary vocational education students with Chinese characteristics. In terms of funding entities, we will improve the mechanism of “government-led and diversified participation” in funding to ensure adequate funding supply. In terms of the value of financial aid, we should strengthen the orientation of educational aid and train secondary vocational students to become builders and successors of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era with the all-round development of morality, intelligence, physique, beauty and labor.

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    The Choice on the Boundary of General and Vocational Education: The Logic of Students’ School Choice Based on Education Equity
    Xi Zhan, Shiyue Wang
    2023, 41 (8):  117-126.  doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.011
    Abstract ( 145 )   HTML ( 14 )   PDF (719KB) ( 183 )   Save

    Analyzing the school choice logic of students whose scores in the senior high school entrance examination are at the watershed between regular high schools and vocational high schools will help us to dismantle the educational development dilemma of vocational education and general education, which is called classification but is actually stratified. Students identify the educational function and selective function of general and vocational schools through the signals of classified education and merit-based selection, so as to form a school selection decision that ensures education equity as much as possible. A series of structural and agentive factors affect the identification process. In the future, we should improve career orientation services in primary and secondary schools, promote the consistent development of vocational education concepts, teaching content, pedagogies, and teaching technologies, and create a growth path for students that is different from theoretical teaching and learning in the general schools, so as to provide process equity as the support for achieving equitable education opportunities and outcomes.

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