Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 90-102.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.08.009

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Construction of Indicators of “How Teachers Support ” in Project-Based Learning(PBL)

Xuemei Xia   

  1. Shanghai Academy of Educational Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
  • Accepted:2023-03-06 Online:2023-08-01 Published:2023-07-25


In the new teaching reform, whether teachers should provide support, to what extent, at what time and what types of support are the key issues in the transformation of learning and teaching from the perspective of competencies. Taking project-based learning as a typical method, based on the latest development of constructivism, effective failure, intervention research of project-based learning implementation, learning scaffolding and other theories, this paper forms the theoretical framework based on three key questions about how much support, when to support, and how to support. Based on the framework and the coding of teachers’ interview, the final indicators of how teachers support students in PBL were constructed and confirmed.

Key words: project-based learning, how teachers support, indicator