Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 103-114.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2021.10.008

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Research on the Value of Science Philanthropy in the Development of U.S. Research Universities

Jiubin Yang   

  1. College of Education Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha Hunan, 410081, China
  • Online:2021-10-20 Published:2021-09-27


Science Philanthropy, which began in the mid-19th century, plays an indispensable role in US research universities. Before World War II, science philanthropy played a key role in the rising of American research universities, the cultivation of scientific talents and the development of disciplines, which made up for the lack of government funding. After World War II, in view of the contribution of university scientific research to the war, there was a strong sense of federal funding to university scientific research, thus federal funding was emerged in research universities more and more. The role of the federal government was highlighted, which obscured the shine of science philanthropy. However, science philanthropy still plays an important role in the development of research universities in the United States. It is a supplement of research funds, an enabler of breaking research development and a supporter of cutting-edge knowledge. And it promotes the development of American research universities together with the federal government.

Key words: science philanthropy, American research university, World War II, scientific research funding, indispensable value