Journal of East China Normal University(Educationa ›› 2015, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 91-95.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2015.02.013

• Educational History(教育史) • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Construction of Charity Schools during Late Qing Dynasty: the Case of Turpan

WANG Qiming   

  1. Shaanxi Normal University Institute for Western Frontier Region of China, Xi’An 710062
  • Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-09-19
  • Contact: WANG Qiming
  • About author:WANG Qiming

Abstract: Based on the newly published documentation, this article discusses the construction of charity schools in Late Qing Dynasty, taking the example of Turpan¬¬. In order to support the establishment of Xinjiang province, Turpan built eight charity schools attended by a great proportion of Uygur students. Ten years after the charity schools were opened, Wei Guangtao proposed an initiative to establish a central charity school in southern Xingjiang, which turned out a lower-performance school compared to the local ones. Consequently, there were no more such central schools built in Turpan. Driven by the Hundred-Day Reform, New Deal and China’s defeat in Sino-Japanese War, there were great changes in China’s education policies and educational fund shortage. During late Guangxu period, the charity schools were Finally closed, and Xinjiang’s charity schools came to its end.

Key words: Xinjiang in Late Qing Dynasty, Turpan, construction of charity schools