Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 106-116.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2023.02.009

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From a Financial Center to a Science and Technology Innovation Center: Transformation and Development of City Empowered by Higher Education Clusters—Based on the Case Study of New York City

Zelin Zhuo1, Xiaowei Zhang2   

  1. 1. Institute of International and Comparative Education/Center for Timor-Leste Studies, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. School of Marxism, Tibet University, Lhasa 850000, China
  • Accepted:2022-09-04 Online:2023-02-01 Published:2023-01-18


After the 9?11 terrorist attack and the 2008 financial turmoil, the economic development of New York, the financial capital, has been severely affected, and the pace of marching into the city of science and technology has begun. The transformation of New York City’s technological innovation has been affected by various factors, such as its own creative capital development orientation and financial crisis. Higher education clusters are the core components of New York’s technological innovation system. They provide strong support and guarantee for the formation and development of New York’s global science and technology innovation center by cultivating innovative talents in science and technology, improving the transformation mechanism of scientific research achievements, focusing on leading industries, implementing internal and external development strategies, then promoting the successful transformation of New York from a financial center to a technology innovation center. New York’s successful experience of transforming to an international science and technology innovation center by relying on higher education clusters can be an important reference example for Chinese higher education cluster to better assist the construction and development of its urban science and technology innovation centers.

Key words: higher education cluster, New York, transformation, science and technology innovation center