Journal of East China Normal University(Educational Sciences) ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 47-61.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2021.09.003

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Emotional Regulation: Report on the Study on Social and Emotional Skills of Chinese Adolescence (II)

Zhi Liu1, Ruirui Zhu1, Haili Cui2, Zhongjing Huang1   

  1. 1. Department of Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062; China
    2. Graduate School of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2021-09-20 Published:2021-08-17


Emotional regulation is an important part of social and emotional skills. Under the research framework of OECD, it includes three skills: stress resistance, optimism and emotional control. Based on the data of 10-year-old and 15-year-old students’ participation in OECD Social and Emotional Skills Study in Suzhou, this paper presents the emotional regulation performance of Suzhou students by using descriptive statistics, difference test and regression analysis. The study finds that stress resistance, optimism and emotional control are significantly related to other skills, and there are significant differences in age and gender, urban and rural areas. There is no significant difference between general high schools and vocational high schools. Emotional regulation is significantly affected by the relevant factors of background, students, teachers, school and family. It has a significant impact on life outcome variables such as health, well-being, satisfaction, test anxiety, closeness to family and closeness to others. Therefore, the relevant subjects should pay full attention to the cultivation of students’ emotional regulation, clarify their own roles, and choose the right path and strategy to promote the improvement of students’ emotional regulation.

Key words: emotional regulation, stress resistance, optimism, emotional control, study on social and emotional skills