• 基本理论与基本问题 •

### 美国STEM教育质量评价新动向——NAEP技术与工程素养评价要点与启示

1. 北京师范大学中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心, 北京 100875
• 出版日期:2017-02-20 发布日期:2017-03-27
• 基金资助:

北京市教育科学“十三五”规划2016年度优先关注课题“深化教育综合改革背景下教师专业素养提升策略研究”（CE-FA16030）

### The New Quality Assessment in America's Basic Education: Lessons from NAEP's TEL

LIN Jing

• Online:2017-02-20 Published:2017-03-27
• Contact: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2017.01.008
• About author:LIN Jing

Abstract:

Technology and engineering is an important part of STEM education. To promote the standardization of STEM education in support of the cultivation of the 21st century talents, NAEP (the National Assessment of Educational Progress) started TEL (the assessment of technology and engineering literacy:a new assessment program in the United States since 2014). TEL is designed to test students' ability to understand, use and evaluate technology as qualified citizens. The ability involves understanding technological principles and strategies needed for developing solutions and achieving goals. The objectives of TEL are categorized into three:technology and society, design and system, information and communication technology (ICT). TEL is carried out in the context of typical issues, problems, and goals that students might encounter in their schools, communities or societies.
The assessment of TEL is completely digitally based and includes interactive scenario-based tasks. Participants are asked to complete a variety of problem-solving tasks based on interactive scenarios. The abilities and literacy of participants involved in the tasks are highly consistent with core competencies for the 21st century, which include critical thinking and problem solving, communication and collaboration, creativity and innovation, information literacy, media literacy and ICT literacy, and so forth.
The NAEP's TEL has great implications for educating innovative talents in China's basic education. One is to create a problem-based context for students' learning through integrated, real-life and complex issues related to technology and engineering. Another is to enforce the informal learning for students to develop their TEL. In addition, in developing students' ICT literacy, technology and engineering education should be highly valued. All in all, China's basic education can integrate multiple resources to strengthen TEL education, STEM education and relevant assessment to develop Chinese students' 21st century skills.