华东师范大学学报(教育科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 78-83.doi:

• 心理学 • 上一篇    下一篇

人格的自我知识:准确性及其限度

陈少华1,曾毅2   

  1. 1. 广州大学教育学院, 广州 510006; 2. 南方医科大学护理学院, 广州 510515
  • 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-10-07
  • 通讯作者: 1陈少华,2曾毅
  • 作者简介:1陈少华,2曾毅
  • 基金资助:
    广州市哲学社会科学规划课题(2012GJ42);广州市属高校科研项目(10A109)。

SelfKnowledge of Personality: Its Accuracy and Limits

1、CHEN Shaohua,2、ZENG Yi   

  1. 1. School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China; (2. School of Nursing, South Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
  • Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-10-07
  • Contact: 1、CHEN Shaohua,2、ZENG Yi
  • About author:1、CHEN Shaohua,2、ZENG Yi

摘要: 人格的自我知识是指个体对自己思维、情感、声望及行为模式的自我知觉,通常借助于内省、行为的自我观察和他人观察获得。人格的自我知识与行为表现之间有适度的相关,人们对自己的人格具备一定的洞察力,其准确性随人格维度而变化。受信息障碍和动机障碍的影响,人格的自我知识存在自身的局限性,自我知觉中的盲点和动机性因素使人们不可能像陌生人那样不带偏见地判断自己的人格,人格的自我知识与他人知识具有不对称性。为了提高人格自我知识的准确性,提供真实的反馈信息、降低自我保护动机、运用正念技术以及坚持做自己是比较行之有效的途径。

关键词: 人格, 自我知识, 自我知觉, 准确性, 限度

Abstract: The selfknowledge of personality is the selfperception of individuals' thinking, emotion, behavior and reputation. Usually, it is obtained by introspection, the selfand otherobserving of behavior. The study indicated that there is some moderately correlation between selfknowledge of personality and behavior, people have some insight of his or her personality and the accuracy is changed with personality dimensions. Influenced by the information and motivation obstacle, the selfknowledge of personality has its own limits. Because of the blind spot and motivation factor in selfperception, people cannot judge himself or herself without any prejudice like stranger, there exist asymmetry between the self and other knowledge of personality. There are some effective ways to improve the accuracy of selfknowledge of personality, such as providing the true feedback information, reducing the selfprotection motivation, using mindfulness skills and insisting on beyourself.

Key words: Personality, SelfKnowledge, SelfPerception, Accuracy, Limit