华东师范大学学报(教育科学版) ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1-15.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2021.07.001

• 特稿 •    

信息技术革命与教育教学变革:反思与展望

阎光才   

  1. 华东师范大学高等教育研究所, 上海 200062
  • 出版日期:2021-07-01 发布日期:2021-07-02
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目“高水平大学教师的职业压力、学术激情与活力研究”(71774055);文化名家暨“四个一批”人才工程资助项目“基于学生与学习变化的大学教师教与学的变革”

Information Technology Revolution and School Education Reform: Reflection and Prospect

Guangcai Yan   

  1. Institute of Higher Education, East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China
  • Online:2021-07-01 Published:2021-07-02

摘要:

2020年突如其来的一场疫情,引起人们对教育信息技术的空前关注。从历史的角度看,技术进展与学校教育教学之间的确存在互动关系,技术在推动教育教学形式和方法变革的同时,又不断地基于教育的社会需求寻获发展空间,但技术从未在根本上动摇教育教学中师生对话的关系构型。当代信息技术所具有的某些特性,赋予人们解构乃至颠覆所有传统模式的期待,然而它的效果并不如预期。至少在当前和可见的未来,信息技术革命未必能够带来一场教育学的革命。因为导致现代教育各种悖论和困境的主因是由外在社会结构决定的教育体制化逻辑,技术并不必然表现为一种解放性的力量,它可能促成教育既有功能的放大与内卷化,也可能带来教育固有价值属性的衰减和异化。因此,对于技术应用于教育需要持有开放而又谨慎的乐观。

关键词: 教育技术, 学校教育, 在线教学, 效果

Abstract:

The sudden outbreak of an epidemic in 2020 has aroused unprecedented attention to educational technology. From a historical viewpoint, there is indeed an interactive relationship between technological progress and school education. While technology promotes the transformation of teaching forms and methods, it constantly seeks development space from the social needs of education. However, technology has never fundamentally shaken the relationship configuration of tutor-student dialogue in education. Due to certain characteristics of contemporary information technology, some people expect to deconstruct and even subvert all traditional models, but its effect in reality is not ideal. At least for the present and foreseeable future, the information technology revolution may not necessarily bring about a pedagogy revolution. The main factor causing various current paradoxes and dilemmas of modern education lies in the education systematism which embody social structure rather than technology. Technology does not necessarily manifest itself as an emancipatory force. It may promote the amplification and involution of the existing functions of education, and may also cause the attenuation and alienation of the inherent value attributes of education. Therefore, we need to be open and cautiously optimistic about technological intervention and application.

Key words: education technology, school education, online teaching, effect