华东师范大学学报(教育科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 45-56.doi: 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2020.02.005

• 核心素养5C模型研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

审辨思维:21世纪核心素养5C模型之二

马利红1, 魏锐2, 刘坚2,3, 马鸣燕4, 刘妍5, 甘秋玲2, 康翠萍2, 徐冠兴3   

  1. 1. 天津职业技术师范大学外国语学院, 天津 300222;
    2. 北京师范大学中国教育创新研究院, 北京 100875;
    3. 北京师范大学中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心, 北京 100875;
    4. 美国哈佛大学教育学院, 美国马萨诸塞 02138;
    5. 北方工业大学国际学院, 北京 100041
  • 发布日期:2020-01-21
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“外语写作中的批判性思维评价效度研究”(19YJA740038)

Critical Thinking: Part II of the 5Cs Framework for Twenty-first Century Key Competences

Ma Lihong1, Wei Rui2, Liu Jian2,3, Ma Mingyan4, Liu Yan5, Gan Qiuling2, Kang Cuiping2, Xu Guanxing3   

  1. 1. School of Foreign Languages, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin 300222, China;
    2. China Education Innovation Institute, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. China Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality, Beijing Normal University; Beijing 100875, China;
    4. School of Education,Harvard University, Massachusetts 02138, USA;
    5. College of International Education, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100041, China
  • Published:2020-01-21

摘要: 审辨思维已成为很多国家和地区核心素养模型的重要组成部分,对审辨思维的培养也日益得到教育研究和实践领域的关注。本研究在梳理和回顾已有研究的基础上,尝试把审辨思维的认知技能和思维倾向整合在一起,提出适用于教育领域的审辨思维框架,并对其内涵进行阐释。一个具有审辨思维的个体在面对不同情境时,不但能够不懈质疑、理性分析、不断反思,得出合理的结论或提出有效的解决方案,而且能慎重考虑他人的观点且尊重他人挑战自己观点的权利,包括质疑批判、分析论证、综合生成和反思评估四种能力。本研究提出的审辨思维素养框架,能够为开展审辨思维培养和评价研究提供一定参考和借鉴。

关键词: 21世纪核心素养5C模型, 审辨思维, 质疑批判, 分析论证, 综合生成, 反思评估

Abstract: Critical thinking has become an important part of core literacy model in many countries or regions, world organizations or economies, and also one of the significant education goals at different levels. In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the cultivation of critical thinking. However, critical thinking has not been clearly defined. In view of the fact that critical thinking skills can’t be completely separated from the dispositions and critical thinking dispositions need to be exposed through critical thinking skills, this study tried to integrate critical thinking skills with dispositions based on previous research, and suggests that critical thinking is the core literacy that individuals need in the future. An individual with critical thinking can not only unceasingly question, rationally analyze, constantly reflect, and draw reasonable conclusion or offer effective solutions when facing different situations, but also consider other people’s views carefully and respect their challenging. The conceptual framework in the present research includes questioning and criticizing, analysis and argumentation, synthesis and generation,reflection and evaluation. The interpretation of critical thinking in this study conforms to the pluralistic characteristics of critical thinking and provides some reference for the cultivation and evaluation of critical thinking in our country.

Key words: 5Cs Framework for Twenty-first Century Key Competences, critical thinking, questioning and criticizing, analysis and argumentation, synthesis and generation, reflection and evaluation