华东师范大学学报(教育科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 84-92.doi:

• 心理学 • 上一篇    下一篇

心理资本:理论、测量、影响因素及作用*

熊猛,叶一舵   

  1. 福建师范大学教育学院, 福州 350117
  • 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-10-07
  • 通讯作者: 熊猛,叶一舵
  • 作者简介:熊猛,叶一舵
  • 基金资助:

    福建省教育科学“十二五”规划项目“青少年积极心理资本的结构、特点与机制研究”(FJJKCG13-057)。

The Concept, Measurement, Influencing Factors and Effects of Psychological Capital

XIONG Meng,YE Yi-duo   

  1. School of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117
  • Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-10-07
  • Contact: XIONG Meng,YE Yi-duo
  • About author:XIONG Meng,YE Yi-duo

摘要: 心理资本是指个体在成长和发展过程中表现出来的一种积极心理状态, 开展心理资本研究对于提升个人与组织竞争优势具有重要的价值和意义。近十年来, 研究者们围绕心理资本的概念与理论、结构与测量、影响因素、影响效应及干预培养等方面展开了大量研究, 取得了许多有价值的研究成果, 但也存在一些问题。未来研究的重点包括制定不同人群心理资本的纳入标准、探索前因变量与后果变量的整合机制、加强纵向追踪与干预研究、开展青少年与特殊群体研究, 以及本土化和跨文化研究等。

关键词: 心理资本, 测量, 影响因素, 影响效应, 干预

Abstract: The concept of Psychological capital (PsyCap) is identified as a kind of positive psychological trait for individual development. The study on PsyCap has significant implication for enhancing individual and organizational competitive advantage. During the past decade, there are rich literature on the concept and theory, structure and measurement, impact factors, effects and intervention. A great deal of empirical work of antecedents, consequences and intervention of psychological capital had been systematically reviewed. The development trends in the field include the development of inclusion criteria of different populations‘ PsyCap, the exploration of integration mechanism with antecedents and outcome variables, the strengthening of longitudinal and intervention research, the study of adolescent and special groups, as well as localized and crosscultural research.

Key words: psychological capital, measurement, influencing factors, effects, intervention